What did James Loper and Ichabod Paddock contribute to the development of the Nantucket whaling industry?
Very little! In the summer of 1672, the town offered two grants to off-islanders to contribute their special skills to the Nantucket Proprietorship. One offer was successful. John Gardner received his grant in return for bringing his vessel to Nantucket and setting up “the trade of ﬁshing.” This would make it possible, among other things, for Nantucket to make shipments of ﬁsh to New York in lieu of taxes. Gardner and his brother Richard, the youngest of a family in Salem, Massachusetts, both relocated to the island and were soon major players in local politics.